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In the following table, the Ghemawat readings are taken from the required textbook:

Amazon logo Ghemawat, Pankaj. Redefining Global Strategy: Crossing Borders in a World Where Differences Still Matter. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 2007. ISBN: 9781591398660.

Part I: Nation, industries and firms
1 The changing global landscape

Friedman, Thomas. "It's a Flat World, After All." The New York Times Magazine, April 3, 2005.

Ghemawat. "Semiglobalization and Strategy." Chapter 1.

Can Bollywood Go Global? HBS 9-806-040.
2 Linking national and firm-level advantage

Amazon logo Porter, Michael. "Competing Across Locations: Enhancing Competitive Advantage through a Global Strategy." From On Competition. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780875847955.

Beise, Marian. "Lead Markets: Country-Specific Drivers of the Global Diffusion of Innovations." Research Policy 33 (2004): 997-1018.

Finland and Nokia, HBS 9-702-427.
Part II: Building the global enterprise
3 Local strength to global advantage

Lessard, Donald. "Frameworks for Global Strategic Analysis." Journal of Strategic Management Education 1 (2003): 19-37.

Ghemawat. "Differences Across Countries." Chapter 2.

Shimano Inc. A and B, MIT Sloan Courseware.
4 Building a global business Ghemawat. "Global Value Creation." Chapter 3. Globalization "The CEMEX Way" MIT Sloan Courseware.
5 Cross-border arbitrage and outsourcing

Ferdows, Kasra. "Making the Most of Foreign Factories." Harvard Business Review (March-April 1997): 3.

Ghemawat. "Arbitrage - Exploiting Differences." Chapter 6.

"IBM and Globalization: Hungry Tiger, Dancing Elephant." The Economist (April 4, 2007).

American Outsourcing, HBS 9-705-037.
6 Expanding from new regions Bartlett, Christopher, and Sumantra Ghoshal. "Going Global: Lessons from Late Movers." Harvard Business Review (March-April 2000): 133-142. ICICI's Global Expansion, HBS 9-706-426.
7 Responding to strategic threats from late movers

Dawar, Niraj, and Tony Frost. "Competing with Giants: Survival Strategies for Local Companies in Emerging Markets." Harvard Business Review (March-April 1999): 119-129.


Ramamurti, Ravi, and Jitendra Singh. "Generic Strategies of India's Emerging Multinationals." In Emerging Multinationals from Emerging Markets. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming.

The PC Wars: Dell vs. Lenovo, MIT Sloan Courseware.
Part III: Integrating the global enterprise
8 Managing integration and responsivess

Bartlett, Christopher, and Sumantra Ghoshal. "Managing Across Borders: New Organizational Responses." Sloan Management Review 29 (Fall 1987): 43-53.

Ghemawat. "Adaption - Adjusting to Differences." Chapter 4.

P&G Europe: Ariel Ultra's Eurobrand Strategy, INSEAD 300-085-1.
9 Integrating global manufacturing and product development

Santos, Jose, Yves Doz, and Peter Williamson. "Is Your Innovation Process Global?" MIT Sloan Management Review 45 (Summer 2004): 31-37.

Majchrzak, Ann, Arvind Malhotra, Jeffrey Stamps, and Jessica Lipnack. "Can Absence Make a Team Grow Stronger?" Harvard Business Review (2004): 131-137.

Ghemawat. "Aggregation - Overcoming Differences." Chapter 5.

"InterSoft of Argentina (A+B)," HBS 9-497-025.

10 Integrating global supply and marketing chains

Ghoshal, Sumantra, and Lynda Gratton. "Integrating the Enterprise." Sloan Management Review 44 (Fall 2002): 31-38.

Ghemawat. "Playing the Differences." Chapter 7.

Zara: Fast Fashion, HBS 9-703-497.
11 Global leadership

Bartlett, Christopher, and Sumantra Ghoshal. "What is a Global Manager?" Harvard Business Review 81 (2003): 101-108.

Ghosn, Carlos. "Saving the Business Without Losing the Company." Harvard Business Review (January 2002): 3-11.