Readings

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Required Texts

Amazon logo Lowenthal, Mark M. Intelligence: From Secrets to Policy. 2nd ed. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2003. ISBN: 9781568027593.

Amazon logo Treverton, Gregory. Reshaping National Intelligence for an Age of Information. Cambridge, UK, New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2001. ISBN: 9780521580960.

Amazon logo Richelson, Jeffrey T. The U.S. Intelligence Community. 4th ed. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1999. ISBN: 9780813368931.

Readings by Session


Lec # Topics readings
1 Introduction Richelson. Chapter 1.

Johnson, Loch K. "Bricks and Mortar for a Theory of Intelligence." Comparative Strategy 22, no. 1 (2003): 1-28.

Amazon logo Fry, Michael G., and Miles Hochstein. "Epistemic Communities: Intelligence Studies and International Relations." In Espionage: Past, Present, and Future? Edited by Wesley K. Wark. London, UK: Frank Cass, 1994, pp. 14-28. ISBN: 9780714640990.

Amazon logo Gaddis, John Lewis. "Intelligence, Espionage, and Cold War History." Chapter 5 in The United States and the End of the Cold War: Implications, Reconsiderations, Provocations. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1994, pp. 87-104. ISBN: 9780195085518.
2 Origins, Structure, and Functions of the Intelligence Community Treverton. Chapter 1.

Richelson. Chapters 2, 3, and 6. (Skim)

Amazon logo Andrew, Christopher M. Chapter 5 in For the President's Eyes Only: Secret Intelligence and the American Presidency from Washington to Bush. 1st ed. New York, NY: HarperCollins, 1995, pp. 149-198. ISBN: 9780060170370.

May, Ernest R. "Intelligence: Backing into the Future." Foreign Affairs 71, no. 3 (Summer 1992): 63-72.

Kindsvater, Larry C. "A Senior Officer's Perspective: The Need to Reorganize the Intelligence Community." Studies in Intelligence 47, no. 1 (2003): 33-37.
3 Collection Treverton. Chapter 5.

Richelson. Chapters 7-12. (Skim)

Richelson, Jeffrey T. "The Satellite Gap." Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 59, no. 1 (January/February 2003): 48-54.

Steele, Robert David. "Private Enterprise Intelligence: Its Potential Contribution to National Security." Intelligence and National Security 10, no. 4 (October 1995): 212-228.

Fairchild, Brian P. Statement before the Joint Economic Committee of the United States Congress. May 20, 1998.
4 Analysis Treverton. Chapter 4.

Richelson. Chapter 14. (Skim)

Hulnick, Arthur. "The Intelligence Producer-Policy Consumer Linkage: A Theoretical Approach." Intelligence and National Security 1, no. 1 (1986): 212-233.

Lefebvre, Stéphane. "A Look at Intelligence Analysis." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 17, no. 2 (Summer 2004): 231-264.

Johnson, Loch K. "The CIA's Weakest Link." The Washington Monthly, July/August 2001, 9-14.

Berkowitz, Bruce. "The DI and IT: Failing to Keep Up with the Information Revolution." Studies in Intelligence 47, no. 1 (2003): 67-74.

Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. "Report on the U.S. Intelligence Community's Pre-War Assessments on Iraq: Conclusions." pp. 1-30.

Gormley, Dennis. "The Limits of Intelligence: Iraq's Lessons." Survival 46, no. 3 (Autumn 2004): 7-28.
5 Intelligence and National Policy Treverton. Chapter 6.

Davis, Jack. "The Kent-Kendall Debate of 1949." Studies in Intelligence 36, no. 5 (Summer 1991): pp. 91-103.

Harkabi, Yehoshafat. "The Intelligence-Policymaker Tangle." The Jerusalem Quarterly 30 (Winter 1984): 125-131.

Hughes, Thomas L. The Fate of Facts in a World of Men: Foreign Policy and Intelligence-Making. Headline Series No. 233. New York, NY: Foreign Policy Association, 1976, pp. 36-52.

Prados, John. "Iraq: A Necessary War?" Bulletin of Atomic Scientists 59, no. 3 (May/June 2003): 26-33.

Barstow, David. "The Nuclear Card." New York Times, October 3, 2004, A1.

Hersh, Seymour. "Selective Intelligence." The New Yorker, May 12, 2003.
6 Surprise Attack and Strategic Warning Betts, Richard. "Analysis, War, and Decision: Why Intelligence Failures are Inevitable." World Politics 31, no. 1 (1978): 61-89.

Amazon logo Levite, Ariel. Intelligence and Strategic Surprises. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 1987, pp. 1-38. ISBN: 9780231063746.

Davis, Jack. "Strategic Warning: If Surprise is Inevitable, What Role for Analysis?" Occasional Papers 2, no. 1 (January 2003). Washington, DC: Sherman Kent Center for Intelligence Analysis.

Vickers, Robert, Jr. "The State of Warning Today." Defense Intelligence Journal 7, no. 2 (1998): 9-15.

Amazon logo Ellis, Jason D., and Geoffrey D. Kiefer. Chapter 4 in Combating Proliferation: Strategic Intelligence and Security Policy. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004, pp. 87-108. ISBN: 9780801879586.
7 Military Intelligence Treverton. Chapter 3.

Richelson. Chapters 4, and 5. (Skim)

Amazon logo Handel, Michael I. "Leaders in Intelligence." In Leaders and Intelligence. London, UK: Frank Cass, 1989, pp. 3-39. ISBN: 9780714640594.

Amazon logo Keegan, John. Introduction, Chapter 1, and Conclusion in Intelligence in War: Knowledge of the Enemy from Napoleon to al Qaeda. New York, NY: Alfred A Knopf, 2003, pp. 3-25, and 321-352. ISBN: 9780375400537.

Krepinevich, Andrew. "Emerging Threats, Revolutionary Capabilities, and Military Transformation." Testimony before the Senate Armed Services Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities. March 5, 1999.

Amazon logo May, Ernest. Strange Victory: Hitler's Conquest of France. 1st ed. New York, NY: Hill and Wang, 2000, pp. 240-268. ISBN: 9780809089062.

Amazon logo MacDonald, Charles B. A Time for Trumpets: The Untold Story of the Battle of the Bulge. New York, NY: Perennial, 1997, pp. 17-79. ISBN: 9780688151577.

Wirtz, James. "Intelligence to Please? The Order of Battle Controversy during the Vietnam War." Political Science Quarterly 106, no. 2 (1991): 239-263.
8 ASW Case Study Amazon logo Beesly, Patrick. Introduction and Chapters 1, 6, 7, 10, and 11 in Very Special Intelligence: The Story of the Admiralty's Operational Intelligence Centre, 1939-1945. London, UK: Greenhill Books, 2000. ISBN: 9781853673986.

Amazon logo Cohen, Eliot, and John Gooch. Chapter 4 in Military Misfortunes: The Anatomy of Failure in War, 1990. New York, NY: The Free Press, 1990, pp. 59-94. ISBN: 9780029060605.
9 Counterinsurgency Ford, Harold P. CIA and the Vietnam Policymakers: Three Episodes 1962-68. Langley, VA: Center for the Study of Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency, 1998, pp. 86-104.

Amazon logo Wirtz, James. "Conclusion: Explaining the Failure of Intelligence." In The Tet Offensive: Intelligence Failure in War. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1991, pp. 252-275. ISBN: 9780801424861.

Grau, Lester W. "Something Old, Something New: Guerrillas, Terrorists, and Intelligence Analysts." Military Review 84 (July-August 2004): 42-49.

Metz, Steven. "Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in Iraq." The Washington Quarterly 27, no. 1 (Winter 2003-04): 25-36.
10 Covert Action Richelson. Chapter 16.

Amazon logo Andrew, Christopher M. Chapter 5 in For the President's Eyes Only: Secret Intelligence and the American Presidency from Washington to Bush. 1st ed. New York, NY: HarperCollins, 1995, pp. 199-212, and 250-276. ISBN: 9780060170370.

Amazon logo Shulsky, Adam. Silent Warfare: Understanding the World of Intelligence. 3rd ed. Washington, DC: Brassey's, 2002, Chapter 4, pp. 83-109. ISBN: 9781574883459.

Berkowitz, Bruce D., and Allan E. Goodman. "The Logic of Covert Action." The National Interest 51 (Spring 1998): 38-46.

Amazon logo Treverton, Gregory F. "Controlling Covert Action." In Controlling Intelligence. Edited by Glenn P. Hastedt. London, UK: Frank Cass, 1991, pp. 113-133. ISBN: 9780714633947.

Amazon logo Godson, Roy. Chapter 4 in Dirty Tricks and Trump Cards: U.S. Covert Action and Counterintelligence. Washington, DC: Brassey's, 2000, pp. 120-183. ISBN: 9780765806994.

National Security Archives. "El Salvador: War, Peace and Human Rights, 1980-1994."

National Security Archives. "Nicaragua: The Making of U.S. Policy, 1962-1989."
11 Counterterrorism
Amazon logo National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. Chapters 3, 4, 6, 8, and 11 in The 9/11 Commission Report. New York, NY: Norton, 2004. ISBN: 9780393326710.

Herman, Michael. "Counter-Terrorism, Information Technology, and Intelligence Change." Intelligence and National Security 18, no. 4 (Winter 2003): 40-58.

Gunaratna, Rohan. "The Post-Madrid Face of Al Qaeda." The Washington Quarterly 27, no. 3 (Summer 2004): 91-100.

Pillar, Paul. "Counterterrorism after Al Qaeda." The Washington Quarterly 27, no. 3 (Summer 2004): 101-113.

Berkowitz, Bruce. "Intelligence and the War on Terrorism." Orbis 46, no. 2 (Spring 2002): 289-300.

Kauppi, Mark V. "Counterterrorism Analysis 101." In Defense Intelligence Journal 1, no. 1 (Winter 2002): 39-53.
12 WMD and Nonproliferation Amazon logo Ellis, Jason D., and Geoffrey D. Kiefer. Chapters 2, 3, and 5 in Combating Proliferation: Strategic Intelligence and Security Policy. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004. ISBN: 9780801879586.

Carter, Ashton B. "How to Counter WMD." Foreign Affairs 83, no. 5 (September/October 2004): 72-85.

Treverton, Gregory F. "Intelligence: The Achilles Heel of the Bush Doctrine." Arms Control Today (July/August 2003): 9-11.

"Comprehensive Report of the Special Advisor to the Director of Central Intelligence on Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction." September 30th, 2004. ("Duelfer Report")
13 Intelligence and Democracy Richelson. Chapter 14.

Amazon logo Andrew, Christopher M. Chapter 5 in For the President's Eyes Only: Secret Intelligence and the American Presidency from Washington to Bush. 1st ed. New York, NY: HarperCollins, 1995, pp. 370-374, 389-390, and 397-424. ISBN: 9780060170370.

Johnson, Loch K. "The CIA and the Question of Accountability." Intelligence and National Security 12, no. 1 (January 1997): 178-200.

Knott, Stephen. "Executive Power and the Control of American Intelligence." Intelligence and National Security 13, no. 2 (Summer 1998): 171-176.

Johnson, Loch K. "Intelligence and the Challenge of Collaborative Government." Intelligence and National Security 13, no. 2 (Summer 1998): 177-182.

Amazon logo Heymann, Philip B. Terrorism, Freedom, and Security: Winning Without War. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003, pp. 61-84. ISBN: 9780262083270.

Amazon logo Jeffrey-Jones, Rhodri. Introduction, Chapter 13, and Conclusion in The CIA and American Democracy. 2nd ed. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780300077377.

Amazon logo ———. Chapters 12-14 in Cloak and Dollar: A History of American Secret Intelligence. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2003. ISBN: 9780300101591.
14 Future Threats and Intelligence Reform Treverton. Chapter 2.

Best, Richard A., Jr. Proposals for Intelligence Reorganization, 1949-2004. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, July 29, 2004.

Amazon logo Wilson, James Q. "Thinking About Reorganization." In U.S. Intelligence at the Crossroads: Agendas for Reform. Edited by Roy Godson, Ernest R. May, and Gary Schmitt. Washington, DC: Brassey's, 1995. ISBN: 9780028811222.

Davis, Lynn E., Gregory F. Treverton, Daniel Byman, Sara Daly, and William Rosenau. "Coordinating the War on Terrorism." RAND Occasional Paper, March 2004. OP-110-RC.

Amazon logo National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. Chapter 13 in The 9/11 Commission Report. New York, NY: Norton, 2004. ISBN: 9780393326710.

Cordesman, Anthony. "The 9/11 Commission Report: Strengths and Weaknesses." Center for Strategic and International Studies, August 2, 2004.