Readings

Texts
Davis, Nathaniel. The Last Two Years of Salvador Allende. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1985.

Huntington, Samuel P. Political Order in Changing Societies. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968.

Huntington, Samuel P. The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma, 1991.

Spooner, Mary Helen. Soldiers in a Narrow Land: The Pinochet Regime in Chile. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.

Valenzuela, Arturo. The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes: Chile. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978.

Videos
The Battle for Chile, Part I. By Patricio Guzmán.

The Battle for Chile, Part II. By Patricio Guzmán.

Triumph of the Will. By Leni Riefenstahl. (A pro-Nazi propaganda film)

La ley de Herodes (Herod’s Law). By Luis Estrada.

Z: A Political Tragedy in Greece.

Additional Undergraduate Readings
1 Samuel 8:1-8:22 The New Oxford Annotated Bible. (PDF)

Adams, John. “But what do we mean by the American Revolution?” Letter to Hezekiah Niles, Quincy, Massachusetts, February 13, 1818. In The American Revolution: The Search for Meaning. Edited by Richard J. Hooker. New York: Wiley & Sons, 1970, pp. 9-12.

Arraigada, Genaro. Pinochet: The Politics of Power. London: Unwin Hyman, 1988, pp. 123-69.

Bullock, Alan. “The Dictator.” In Fascism: An Anthology. Edited Nathaniel Greene. Arlington Heights, IL: AHM Publishing Company, 1968, pp. 207-216.

Bullock, Alan. Hitler: A Study in Tyranny. New York, Harper & Row, 1962, p. 61-64. In The Nazi Revolution: Germany’s Guilt or Germany’s Fate? Edited by John L. Snell. Boston: D.C. Heath and Company, pp. 1-3.

“Caribbean Jacobinism.” The Economist, August 14, 1999.

“Chavez cleans the slate.” The Economist, July 31, 1999.

“The Chavez enigma.” The Economist, June 5, 1999.

“Chavez’s power grab.” The Economist, August 28, 1999.

“Chavez’s muddled new world.” The Economist, November 20, 1999.

“Chavez stirs things up.” The Economist, July 10, 1999.

Dahl, Robert. Polyarchy: Participation and Opposition. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1971, pp. 1-16, 62-80, 105-6.

“Dangerous Coup in Pakistan.” The New York Times, October 13, 1999, p. 24.

Diamond, Larry. Developing Democracy: Toward Consolidation. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999, pp. 1-2, 24-63, 261-78.

Diamond, Larry, Juan Linz, and Seymour Martin Lipset, eds. Democracy in Developing Countries. Vol. 4: Latin America. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1989.

Dominguez, Jorge I. “The 2000 National Elections in Mexico: The Voter as Protagonist.” ReVista (Fall 2001): 6-7.

Dugger, Celia W. “Fixing What Ails Pakistan: Can the Coup Leader Deliver on His Promises.” The New York Times, October 19, 1999, p. 12.

“Ecuador’s Endangered Democracy.” The New York Times, Editorial, January 25, 2000.

Herbst, Jeffrey. “Prospects for Elite-Driven Democracy in South Africa.” Political Science Quarterly  112, no. 4 (Winter 1998): 595-615.

Higley, John, and Richard Gunther, eds. Elites and Democratic Consolidation in Latin America and Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1992, pp. 20-24.

Hoffmann-Lange, Ursula. “Germany: Twentieth Century Turning Points.” Edited by Mattei Dogan and John Higley. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998, pp. 170-74.

Lawson, Chappell. "Mexico's Unfinished Transition: Democratization and Authoritarian Enclaves in Mexico." Estudios Mexicanos/Mexican Studies (Summer 2000): 267-87.

Lawson, Chappell. “What’s New about the ‘New’ Mexico? Reflections on the July 2 Election.” ReVista (Fall 2001): 8-10.

Lepsius, M. Ranier. “From Fragmented Party Democracy to Government by Emergency Decree and National Socialist Takeover: Germany.” In The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes: Europe, by Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978, pp. 34-79.

Levy, Daniel C., and Kathleen Bruhn, with Emilio Zepadua. Mexico: The Struggle for Democratic Development. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001, pp. 66-111.

Lipset, Seymour Martin. “Economic Development and Democracy.” In Political Man: The Social Bases of Politics. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981, pp. 27-63.

Lipset, Seymour Martin. “‘Fascism’ – Left, Right, and Center.” In Political Man: The Social Bases of Politics. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981, pp. 127-152.

Lipset, Seymour Martin. “George Washington and the Founding of Democracy.” Journal of Democracy 9, no. 4 (October 1998): 24-38.

Machiavelli, Niccolò. The Discourses (1531). Book I, chaps. 9-10. In The Portable Machiavelli. Edited by Peter Bondanella and Mark Musa. New York: Penguin Books, 1979, pp. 200-207.

Middlekauff, Robert. The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution, 1763-1789. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982, pp. 26-42, 49-52, 83-93, 153-73, 193-209, 212-239, 251-73.

Moore, Barrington. The Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy. Boston: Beacon Press, 1966, pp. xiv-xvii.

Newberg, Paula R. “Pakistan: The Choice is not between Democracy and Chaos.” Los Angeles Times, October 17, 1999, p. M1.

O'Donnell, Guillermo, Philippe C. Schmitter, and Laurence Whitehead, eds. Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Tentative Conclusions about Uncertain Democracies. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press 1986, pp. 3-5.

O'Rourke, P. J. "Of Lunch and War." Rolling Stone. November 3, 1994, pp. 83-90.

“Oh, Pakistan.” The Economist, October 16, 1999.

"Pakistan’s New Rulers.” The Economist, October 16, 1999.

Przeworski, Adam, Michael Alvarez, José Antonio Cheibub, and Fernando Limongi. “What Makes Democracies Endure?” In Consolidating the Third Wave Democracies. Edited by Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner, Yu-han Chu, and Hung-mao Tien. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997, pp. 295-311.

Rohter, Larry. “Bitter Indians Let Ecuador Know Fight Isn’t Over.” The New York Times, January 27, 2000.

Rohter, Larry. “Ecuador’s Coup Alerts Region to a Resurgent Military.” The New York Times, January 30, 2000.

Rustow, Dankwart. “Transitions to Democracy.” Comparative Politics 2, no. 3 (1970): 337-65.

Turner, Henry Ashby. Hitler’s Thirty Days to Power: January 1933. New York: Addison-Wesley, 1996, pp. 1-2, 163-183.

Valenzuela, Arturo. “Chile: Origins, Consolidation, and Breakdown of a Democratic Regime.” In Democracy in Developing Countries. Vol. 4: Latin America. Edited by Larry Diamond, Juan Linz, and Seymour Martin Lipset. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1989. 

Wright, Esmond. The Search for Liberty: A History of the United States of America. Cambridge, UK: Blackwell, 1995, pp. 412, 432-52.

Additional Readings for Graduate Students
Baeg-Im, Hyug. "The Rise of Bureaucratic Authoritarianism in South Korea." World Politics 39, no. 2 (January 1987): 231-257.

Brown, Robert E. Middle Class Democracy and the Revolution in Massachusetts, 1761-1780. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1955, pp. 401-406.

Burton, Michael, and John Higley. "Political Crises and Elite Settlements." In Elites, Crises, and the Origins of Regimes. Edited by Mattei Dogan and John Higley. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998, pp. 47-70.

Collier, David, ed. The New Authoritarianism in Latin America. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1979, pp. 19-32.

Cornelius, Wayne, Todd Eisenstadt, and Jane Hinley, eds. Subnational Politics and Democratization in Mexico. La Jolla: Center for U.S.-Mexican Studies, UCSD, 1999, pp. 3-16.

Dahl, Robert. Democracy and Its Critics. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989, pp. 244-64.

Diamond, Larry. "Economic Development and Democracy Reconsidered." In Reexamining Democracy: Essays in Honor of Seymour Martin Lipset. Edited by Gary Marks, and Larry Diamond. Newbury Park, California: Sage, 1992, pp. 93-139.

Diamond, Larry. Developing Democracy: Toward Consolidation. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999, pp. 64-116.

Dresser, Denise. "Mexico: The Decline of Dominant Party Rule." In Constructing Democratic Governance: Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean in the 1990s. Edited by Jorge I. Dominguez, and Abraham F. Lowenthal. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996, pp. 159-84.

Farneti, Paolo. "Social Conflict, Parliamentary Fragmentation, Institutional Shift, and the Rise of Fascism: Italy." In The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes: Europe, by Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978, pp. 3-32.

Garretón, Manuel Antonio. "The Political Evolution of the Chilean Military Regime and Problems in the Transition to Democracy." In Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Latin America. Edited by Guillermo O'Donnell, Philippe C. Schmitter, and Laurence Whitehead. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986, pp. 95-122.

Haggard, Stephan, and Robert R. Kaufman. The Political Economy of Democratic Transitions. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995, pp. 25-44, 76-83, and 93-94.

Horcasitas, Juan Molinar. "Changing the Balance of Power in a Hegemonic Party System: The Case of Mexico." In Institutional Design in New Democracies: Eastern Europe and Latin America. Edited by Arend Lijphart, and Carlos H. Waisman. Boulder, CO.: Westview, 1996, pp. 137-59.

Jensen, Merrill. The American Revolution within America. New York: New York University Press, 1974, pp. 1-49. (Recommended reading for those writing short papers.)

Kotzé, Hennie J. "South Africa: From Apartheid to Democracy." In Elites, Crises, and the Origins of Regimes. Edited by Mattei Dogan and John Higley. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998, pp. 213-222.

Krauze, Enrique. Mexico: Biography of Power: A History of Modern Mexico, 1810-1996. New York: HarperPerennial, 1997, pp. 549-557.

Linz, Juan J., and Alfred Stepan. Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996, pp. 87-115, 151-218.

Lipset, Seymour Martin. "'Fascism' - Left, Right, and Center." In Political Man: The Social Bases of Politics. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981, pp. 152-79.

Machiavelli, Niccolò. The Discourses (1531). Book 1, chaps. 1-4. In The Portable Machiavelli. Edited by Peter Bondanella, and Mark Musa. New York: Penguin Books, 1979, pp. 167, 171-85.

Marx, Karl, and Frederich Engels. Manifesto of the Communist Party: Part I. In The Marx-Engels Reader. Edited by Robert C. Tucker. New York: W.W. Norton, 1978, pp. 473-83.

McFarland, Philip. The Brave Bostonians: Hutchinson, Quincy, Franklin and the Coming of the American Revolution. Boulder: Westview Press, 1998, pp. 28-36.

Middlebrook, Kevin. "Political Liberalization in an Authoritarian Regime." In Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Latin America. Edited by Guillermo O'Donnell, Philippe C. Schmitter, and Laurence Whitehead. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986, pp. 123-45.

Moore, Barrington. The Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy. Boston: Beacon Press, 1966, pp. 413-52.

Nash, Gary B. The Urban Crucible: Social Change, Political Consciousness, and the Origins of the American Revolution. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1979, pp. 233-234, 253-56, 271-82, 292-300, 325-27, 337-42, and 351-62.

Nobles, Gregory. "Yet the Old Republicans Still Persevere: Samuel Adams, John Hancock, and the Crisis of Popular Leadership in Revolutionary Massachusetts, 1775-90." In The Transforming Hand of Revolution: Reconsidering the American Revolution as a Social Movement. Edited by Ronald Hoffman, and Peter J. Albert. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1995, pp. 258-85.

Oliver, Peter. The Origins and Progress of the American Rebellion: A Tory View (1781). Edited by Douglass Adair and John Schutz. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1961, pp. vii-xvii, 27-121. (Recommeded reading for those writing short papers.)

Peeler, John A. "Elite Settlements and Democratic Consolidation: Colombia, Costa Rica, and Venezuela." In Elites and Democratic Consolidation in Latin America and Southern Europe. Edited by John Higley, and Richard Gunther. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1992, pp. 81-112.

Przeworski, Adam. "Some Problems in the Study of the Transition to Democracy." In Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Comparative Perspectives. Edited by Guillermo O'Donnell, Philippe C. Schmitter, and Laurence Whitehead. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991, pp. 47-63.

Remmer, Karen L. "Neopatrimonialism: The Politics of Military Rule in Chile, 1973-87." Comparative Politics 21, no. 2 (January 1989): 149-70.

Rueschemeyer, Dietrich, Evelyne Huber Stephens, and John D. Stephens. Capitalist Development and Democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992, pp. 1-31.

Simon, Walter B. "Democracy in the Shadow of Imposed Sovereignty: The First Republic of Austria." In The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes: Europe. Edited by Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978, pp. 80-121.

Stepan, Alfred. "Political Leadership and Regime Breakdown: Brazil." In The Breakdown of Democratic Regimes: Latin America. Edited by Juan J. Linz and Alfred C. Stepan. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978, pp. 110-37.

Stepan, Alfred. Rethinking Military Politics: Brazil and the Southern Cone. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1988, pp. 13-67.

Weingast, Barry. "The Political Foundations of Democracy and the Rule of Law." American Political Science Review 91 (June 97): 245-63.

Weiss, John. The Fascist Tradition. New York: Harper & Row, 1967, pp. 1-7 and 31-64.