1 From the First Political Transition to the Third Wave of Democracy

Review of Course Requirements
Class Discussion: 
What is a Political regime?
What is Democracy? 
What is Regime Change?

1 Samuel 8:1-8:22 The New Oxford Annotated Bible. (PDF)

Dahl, Robert. Polyarchy: Participation and Opposition. Pp. 1-16.

Pakistan’s New Rulers.” The Economist.

Dangerous Coup in Pakistan.” The New York Times. 

Oh, Pakistan.” The Economist.

Newberg, Paula R. “Pakistan: The Choice is not between Democracy and Chaos.”

Dugger, Celia W. “Fixing What Ails Pakistan: Can the Coup Leader Deliver on His Promises.”

The Chavez Enigma.” The Economist.

Chavez Stirs Things Up.” The Economist.

Chavez Cleans the Slate.” The Economist.

Caribbean Jacobinism.” The Economist.

“Chavez’s Power Grab." The Economist.

“Chavez’s Muddled New World.” The Economist.

“Ecuador’s Endangered Democracy.” The New York Times.

Rohter, Larry. “Bitter Indians Let Ecuador Know Fight Isn’t Over.”

Rohter, Larry.  “Ecuador’s Coup Alerts Region to a Resurgent Military.”

Readings will be discussed in class.
2 The Causes of Democracy

Lecture: The Causes of Democracy

Huntington, Samuel P.  The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. Pp. 3-5, 13-26, 34-108.

Diamond, Larry. Developing Democracy: Toward Consolidation. Pp. 1-2, 24-63, 261-78.

Additional Graduate Student Readings:

Huntington, Samuel P.  The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century.  Pp. 280-316.

Haggard, Stephan and Robert R. Kaufman. The Political Economy of Democratic Transition. Pp. 25-44.

Rueschemeyer, Dietrich, Evelyne Huber Stephens, and John D. Stephens. Capitalist Development and Democracy. Pp. 1-31.

Dahl, Robert. Democracy and Its Critics. Pp. 244-64.

Machiavelli, Niccolò. The Discourses. Book 1, chaps. 1-4. In The Portable Machiavelli. Pp. 167, 171-85.
Register to vote OR Write a 100-word statement on why politics is relevant to your life.
2a Those writing a long paper must submit list of potential paper topics (or single topic, which subsequently cannot be changed).
3 Modernization Theory and its Critics

Review of Data on Democratization and Critique of Przeworski, et al.;
Class Discussion
of Findings from Data

Lipset, Seymour Martin. “Economic Development and Democracy.” In Political Man: The Social Bases of Politics. Pp. 27-63.

Dahl, Robert. Polyarchy: Participation and Opposition. Pp. 62-80.

Przeworski, Adam, Michael Alvarez, José Antonio Cheibub, and Fernando Limongi. “What Makes Democracies Endure?”

Additional Graduate Student Readings:

Diamond, Larry. “Economic Development and Democracy Reconsidered.”

Review cross-national data on democracy (posted on web site). Graduate students should also review the data sets. Using this data, a subset of it, or any other data you wish to gather, evaluate some of the hypotheses discussed in class and in the readings about the causes of democracy. You may wish to focus on a particular country, a region, or a larger group of countries, and on one hypothesis or on several. Come to class prepared to present your findings and to discuss those of your colleagues.
3a Those writing a long paper must submit a one-page summary of their topic and full bibliography (at least 20 sources).
4 Is it How Modern You are Or How You Modernize?

Lecture: Modernization, Social Conflict, and Authoritarianism

Barrington, Moore. The Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy. Pp. xiv-xvii.

Huntington, Samuel P. Political Order in Changing Societies. Pp. 1-11, 32-59, 72-92, 140-66.

Dahl, Robert. Polyarchy: Participation and Opposition. Pp. 105-6.

Additional Graduate Student Readings:

Moore, Barrington. The Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy. Pp. 413-52.

Marx, Karl and Frederich Engels. Manifesto of the Communist Party: Part I.

Collier, David, ed. The New Authoritarianism in Latin America. Pp. 19-32.

Baeg-Im, Hyug. “The Rise of Bureaucratic Authoritarianism in South Korea.”
See the movie Z: A Political Tragedy in Greece.
5 Crisis, Choice, and Regime Change

Lecture: The Machiavellian Moment and the Politics of Greatness

Higley, John  and Richard Gunther, eds. Elites and Democratic Consolidation in Latin America and Southern Europe. Pp. 20-24.

Rustow, Dankwart. “Transitions to Democracy.” 

O'Donnell, Guillermo, Philippe C. Schmitter, and Laurence Whitehead, eds. Transitions
from Authoritarian Rule: Tentative Conclusions about Uncertain Democracies.
Pp. 3-5.

Machiavelli, Niccolò. The Discourses.  Book I, chaps. 9-10. In The Portable Machiavelli. Pp. 200-207.

Lipset, Seymour Martin. “George Washington and the Founding of Democracy.”

Herbst, Jeffrey. “Prospects for Elite-Driven Democracy in South Africa.”

Additional Graduate Student Readings:

Burton, Michael  and John Higley, “Political Crises and Elite Settlements.”

Przeworski, Adam. “Some Problems in the Study of the Transition to Democracy.”

Kotzé, Hennie J. “South Africa: From Apartheid to Democracy.”

Linz, Juan J and Alfred Stepan. Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation:
Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe.
Pp. 87-115.

Peeler, John A. “Elite Settlements and Democratic Consolidation: Colombia, Costa Rica,
and Venezuela.”
Weingast, Barry. “The Political Foundations of Democracy and the Rule of Law.”
5a Those writing a long paper must submit a 2-page introduction to their paper that summarizes their findings and conclusions plus a 5 to 10-page account of what happened in their case.
6 The Collapse of Weimar and the Rise of the Third Reich: Weimar Timeline (PDF)
Austria Timeline (PDF)

Lecture: From the Breakdown of Weimar to the Consolidation of Nazi Rule

Lipset, Seymour Martin. "‘Fascism’ – Left, Right, and Center.” In Political Man.... Pp. 127-152.

Hoffmann-Lange, Ursula. “Germany: Twentieth Century Turning Points.”

Lepsius, M. Ranier. “From Fragmented Party Democracy to Government by Emergency Decree and National Socialist Takeover: Germany.” 

Turner, Henry Ashby. Hitler’s Thirty Days to Power: January 1933. Pp. 1-2, 163-183.

Bullock, Alan. Hitler: A Study in Tyranny. Pp. 61-64.

Bullock, Alan. “The Dictator.”

Additional Graduate Student Readings:

Lipset, Seymour Martin . “‘Fascism’ – Left, Right, and Center.” In Political Man.... Pp. 152-79.

Weiss, John. The Fascist Tradition. Pp. 1-7, 31-64.

Simon, Walter B. “Democracy in the Shadow of Imposed Sovereignty: The First Republic of Austria."

Farneti, Paolo. “Social Conflict, Parliamentary Fragmentation, Institutional Shift, and the Rise of Fascism: Italy.”
See Leni Riefenstahl's Triumph of the Will (a pro-Nazi propaganda film).

Those writing short papers must have submitted at least two papers.
7 Democratic Breakdown in Chile: Chile Timeline (PDF)

Lecture: Class Conflict, Polarization, and the Demise of Democracy in Chile

Valenzuela, Arturo. "Chile: Origins, Consolidation, and Breakdown of a Democratic Regime.” In Democracy in Developing Countries: Latin America. Pp. 191-216.

Valenzuela, ArturoThe Breakdown of Democratic Regimes: Chile. Pp. xi-xiii, 3-110.

Additional Graduate Student Readings:

Davis, Nathaniel. The Last Two Years of Salvador Allende. Pp. 16-20, 41-61, 79-93, 114-23, 137-205, 402-07.

Stepan, Alfred. “Political Leadership and Regime Breakdown: Brazil.”
See The Battle for Chile by Patricio Guzmán, Part I.
7a Those writing a long paper must submit a 5 to 10-page theoretical section (i.e., an analysis of why things turned out the way they did).
8 The Consolidation of Personalistic Military Rule in Chile

Lecture: How to Consolidate a Personalistic Dictatorship

Valenzuela, Arturo. “Chile: Origins, Consolidation, and Breakdown of a Democratic Regime.” In Democracy in Developing Countries: Latin America. Pp. 216-226.

Spooner, Mary Helen. Soldiers in a Narrow Land: The Pinochet Regime in Chile. Pp. 1-5, 56-77, 83-104, 113-159.

Arraigada, Genaro. Pinochet: The Politics of Power. Pp. 123-69.

Additional Graduate Student Readings:

Davis, Nathaniel. The Last Two Years of Salvador Allende. Pp. 227-29, 467-74.

Haggard, Stephan, and Robert R. Kaufman. “Surviving Crisis: Pinochet’s Chile.” In The Political Economy of Democratic Transition.

Remmer, Karen L. "Neopatrimonialism: The Politics of Military Rule in Chile, 1973-87."
Stepan, Alfred.  Rethinking Military Politics: Brazil and the Southern Cone. Pp. 13-29.

Diamond, Larry. Developing Democracy: Toward Consolidation. Pp. 64-116.
See The Battle for Chile by Patricio Guzmán, Part II.
8a Those writing a long paper must submit completed draft.
9 Re-democratization in Chile Lecture: The Breakdown of the Old Regime and Constrained Transition to Democracy Spooner, Mary Helen.  Soldiers in a Narrow Land.... Pp. 163-267.

Valenzuela, Arturo. “Chile: Origins, Consolidation, and Breakdown....”  In Democracy in Developing Countries: Latin America. Pp. 227-240.

Additional Graduate Student Readings:

Garretón, Manuel Antonio. “The Political Evolution of the Chilean Military Regime and Problems in the Transition to Democracy.”

Stepan, Alfred. Rethinking Military Politics.... Pp. 30-67.

Linz, Juan and Alfred Stepan. Problems in Democratic Transition and Consolidation... Pp. 151-218.
10 The Breakdown of British Colonial Rule in the Massachusetts Bay Colony Lecture: The Causes of the American Revolution in Boston, 1763-1775 Adams, John. “But What do We Mean by the American Revolution?”

Wright, Esmond. The Search for Liberty: A History of the United States of America.
Pp. 412, 432-52.

Middlekauff, Robert. The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution, 1763-1789. Pp. 26-42, 49-52, 83-93, 153-73, 193-207, 208-209, 212-239, 251-73.

Additional Graduate Student Readings:

Nash, Gary B. The Urban Crucible.... Pp. 233-234, 253-56, 271-82, 292-300, 325-27, 337-42, 351-62.

Brown, Robert E. Middle Class Democracy and the Revolution in Massachusetts, 1761-1780. Pp. 401-406.

McFarland, Philip. The Brave Bostonians: Hutchinson, Quincy, Franklin and the Coming of the American Revolution. Pp. 28-36.

Nobles, Gregory. “Yet the Old Republicans Still Persevere: Samuel Adams, John Hancock, and the Crisis of Popular Leadership in Revolutionary Massachusetts, 1775-90.”


Oliver, Peter. The Origins and Progress of the American Rebellion: A Tory View. Pp. vii-xvii, 27-121.

Jensen, Merrill. The American Revolution within America. Pp. 1-49.
Walk the “Freedom Trail” in downtown Boston.
11 Protracted Political Transition in Mexico Lecture: Partial Regimes, Subnational Political Change, and Democratization Lawson, Chappell. "Mexico's Unfinished Transition: Democratization and Authoritarian
Enclaves in Mexico."

Levy, Daniel C., and Kathleen Bruhn, with Emilio Zepadua. Mexico: The Struggle for Democratic Development. Pp. 66-111.

Dominguez, Jorge I. “The 2000 National Elections in Mexico: The Voter as Protagonist.”

Lawson, Chappell. “What’s New about the ‘New’ Mexico? Reflections on the July 2 Election.”

O'Rourke, P. J. "Of Lunch and War."

Additional Graduate Student Readings:

Cornelius, Wayne, Todd Eisenstadt, and Jane Hinley, eds. Subnational Politics and Democratization in Mexico. Pp. 3-16.

Dresser, Denise. “Mexico: The Decline of Dominant Party Rule.”

Horcasitas, Juan Molinar. “Changing the Balance of Power in a Hegemonic Party System: The Case of Mexico." 

Middlebrook, Kevin. “Political Liberalization in an Authoritarian Regime.” 

Krauze, Enrique. Mexico: Biography of Power: A History of Modern Mexico, 1810-1996.
Pp. 549-557.
See movie, La ley de Herodes (Herod’s Law), by Luis Estrada.
11a Those writing a long paper must submit their completed final paper, and must email a copy to all students in the class.
12 Conclusions Lecture: The Future of Regime Change

Class Presentations and Discussion of
Individual Research
Class Papers.
Paper by Lawson, TBA (if I finish it in time).
Final papers due. Class presentations on research topics.

Those writing a long paper may submit a rewrite within two weeks.