Study Materials

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Amazon logo Abromeit, Kathleen A. An Index to African-American Spirituals for the Solo Voice. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999. ISBN: 9780313305771.

Amazon logo Floyd, Jr., and A. Samuel, eds., and the Center for Black Music Research. International Dictionary of Black Composers. New York, NY: Routledge, 1999. ISBN: 9781884964275.

Amazon logo Fuller, Sophie, ed. The Pandora Guide to Women Composers: Britain and the U.S. 1629-Present. San Francisco, CA: Pandora, 1995. ISBN: 9780044409366.

Amazon logo Jackson, Irene V. Afro-American Religious Music: A Bibliography and A Catalogue of Gospel Music. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1979. ISBN: 9780313205606.

Amazon logo Holly, Ellistine Perkins. Biographies of Black Composers and Songwriters. Dubuque, IA: Wm. C. Brown Publishers, 1990. ISBN: 9780697118875.

Amazon logo Sadie, Julie Anne, and Rhian Samuel, eds. Norton/Grove Dictionary of Women Composers. New York, NY: W.W. Norton, 1995. ISBN: 9780393034875.

Amazon logo Southern, Eileen. The Music of Black Americans: A History. 2nd ed. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Co., Inc., 1983. ISBN: 9780393952797.

Amazon logo Walker-Hill, Helen. From Spirituals to Symphonies: African-American Women Composer and Their Music. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780313299476.


Patterson, Willis C., comp. Anthology of Art Songs by Black American Composers. New York, NY: E. B. Marks Music Corp., 1977.

Amazon logo Simmons, Margaret R., and Jeanine Wagner, eds. A New Anthology of Art Songs by African American Composers. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois Univ. Press, 2004. ISBN: 9780809325238.

Taylor, Vivian, ed. Art Songs and Spirituals by African-American Women Composers. Bryn Mawr, PA: Hildegard Publishing Co., 1995.


Gershwin, George, DuBose Heyward, Dorothy Heyward, and Ira Gershwin. Porgy & Bess. Primetime/BBC and Homevale/Greg Smith production, directed by Trevor Nunn. London, UK: EMI Classics, 2001.

Jopin, Scott. Treemonisha. Houston Grand Opera. W. Long Branch, NJ: Kultur, 1982.

Web sites

The African American Art Song Alliance

Afrocentric Voices

H. T. Burleigh

Yiu-kwong Chung

George & Ira Gershwin

Jacqueline Hairston

Langston Hughes

Hall Johnson

Paul Robeson

William Grant Still

John W. Work, III

Interview with Mrs. John Work

Xu Zhimo