Readings

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The following table lists readings associated with the lectures, along with a few "extraneous" background readings. Some additional readings are also given on the labs and assignments pages.

Readings for this class fall into two categories, 1) required readings that provide a basic framework for and amplification of the lecture materials, and 2) optional supplemental readings which provide direct exposure to the primary specialist research that archaeologists undertake or utilize in their research. The required readings include a textbook, a modest number of journal articles/papers and a larger number of abstracts from scientific papers.

The optional supplemental readings are, for the most part, the original scientific papers from which the abstracts were derived.

Textbook

LK&S = Amazon logo Lamberg-Karlovsky, C. C., and J. A. Sabloff. Ancient Civilizations: The Near East and Mesoamerica. 2nd ed. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, 1995. ISBN: 9780881338348.

Unit Abstracts and Notes (with Citations)

These files are referenced in the following table. The abstracts are required readings, while reading the complete papers are optional.

Unit 1 - Early Prehistory (PDF)

Unit 2 - The Near East Case Study (PDF)

Unit 3 - The Mesoamerican Case Study (PDF)

Unit 4 - Societal Collapse (PDF)

Assigned Readings for Lectures


SES # TOPICS READINGS
Introduction
Lec1 Introductory Remarks - Overview and Class and Lab Logistics

Amazon logo Renfrew, C., and P. Bahn. Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice. 2nd ed. London, UK: Thames and Hudson, Ltd., 1996, chapter 1. ISBN: 9780500050798.

Amazon logo Feder, K. "Epistemology: How You Know What You Know." Chapter 2 in Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries. San Francisco, CA: Mayfield Publishing, 1990. ISBN: 9780874849714.

Lec2 Archaeology: Nature and Goals; Historical Development as a Discipline

Amazon logo Renfrew, C., and P. Bahn. Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice. 2nd ed. London, UK: Thames and Hudson, Ltd., 1996, chapter 1. ISBN: 9780500050798.

Amazon logo Feder, K. "Epistemology: How You Know What You Know." Chapter 2 in Frauds, Myths, and Mysteries. San Francisco, CA: Mayfield Publishing, 1990. ISBN: 9780874849714.

Unit 1 - Earlier Prehistory: A Brief Overview
Lec3 Becoming Human: Early Hominids and the Earliest Technology

Ambrose, S. H. "Paleolithic Technology and Human Evolution." Science 291 (2001): 1748-1753.

Unit 1 Abstracts and Notes for papers #1-6.

Optional Readings

The complete papers #1-6 cited in Unit 1 Abstracts and Notes.

Lec4 Becoming Human: Early Humans and Emerging Cultural Behavior

Ambrose, S. H. "Paleolithic Technology and Human Evolution." Science 291 (2001):1748-1753.

Unit 1 Abstracts and Notes for papers #7-15.

Optional Readings

The complete papers #7-15 cited in Unit 1 Abstracts and Notes.

Lec5 Becoming Human: Modern Humans and the Advent of Modern Behaviors

Unit 1 Abstracts and Notes for papers #16-17.

Optional Readings

The complete papers #16-17 cited in Unit 1 Abstracts and Notes.

Unit 2 - The Near East Case Study
Lec6 Theoretical Perspectives; Variables to be Considered in Comparative Studies. The Environmental Setting for Domestication and the Evolution of Social Complexity in the Near East LK&S. pp. 1-48 and 341-369.
Lec7 Pre-Neolithic Adaptations and the Natufian in the Near East

LK&S. pp. 49-61.

Bar-Yosef, O. "The Natufian Culture in the Levant, Threshold to the Origins of Agriculture." Evolutionary Anthropology 6, no. 5 (1998): 159-177.

Henry, D. O. "Preagricultural Sedentism: The Natufian Example." In Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherers. Edited by T. D. Price and J. A. Brown. Orlando, FL: Academic Press, 1985, pp. 365-384.

McCorriston, J., and F. Hole. "The Ecology of Seasonal Stress and the Origins of Agriculture in the Near East." American Anthropologist 93, no. 1 (1991): 46-69.

Unit 2 Abstracts and Notes for papers #1-2.

Optional Readings

The complete papers #1-2 cited in Unit 2 Abstracts and Notes.

Lec8 Domestication: Recognition, Processes and Impact

Diamond, J. "Evolution, Consequences and Future of Plant and Animal Domestication." Nature 418 (2002): 700-707.

Zeder, M. "Central Questions in the Domestication of Plants and Animals." Evolutionary Anthropology 15 (2006): 105-117.

Unit 2 Abstracts and Notes for papers #3-6.

Optional Readings

The complete papers #3-6 cited in Unit 2 Abstracts and Notes.

Lec9 Origins and Expansion of Agriculture and Pastoralism in the Near East Context

LK&S. pp. 61-79.

Legge, A. J., and P. Rowley-Conwy. "Gazelle Killing in Stone Age Syria." Scientific American 257, no. 2 (1987): 88-95.

Lec10 Early Village Farming Communities: Geographic Expansion, Emerging Class Stratification and Centralization of Religion LK&S. pp. 80-115.
Lec11 The Earliest Stages of Urbanization: Ubaid and Eridu LK&S. pp. 119-151. (skim section on Egypt)
Lec12 Urbanization and City States: Uruk, Civilization and Writing LK&S. pp. 151-191.
Lec13 Urbanization and City States: Ur Political and Social Environments, Material Achievements, the Critical Factors Interacting in the Development of Stratified Society in the Near East LK&S. pp. 227-233.
Lec14 Refocusing on the Comparative Theme: Eurasia - The Americas LK&S. pp. 237-238 and 342-369.
Unit 3 - The Mesoamerica Case Study
Lec15 Peopling of The Americas. The Mesoamerican Environmental Setting: Lowlands and Highlands

Unit 3 Abstracts and Notes for papers #1-4.

Optional Readings

The complete papers #1-4 cited in Unit 3 Abstracts and Notes.

Lec16 Plant and Animal Domestication and the Emergence of Settled Village Life: Tehuacan and Oaxaca

LK&S. pp. 239-255.

Flannery, K. "Archaeological Systems Theory and Early Mesoamerica." In Anthropological Archaeology in the Americas. Edited by B. J. Meggers. Washington, DC: Anthropological Society of Washington, 1968.

Zeder, M. "Central Questions in the Domestication of Plants and Animals." Evolutionary Anthropology 15 (2006): 105-117. (see Required Readings Unit 2, #6).

Unit 3 Abstracts and Notes for papers #5-9.

Optional Readings

The complete papers #5-9 cited in Unit 3 Abstracts and Notes.

Lec17 Plant and Animal Domestication and the Emergence of Settled Village Life: Comparing Processes in Mesoamerica and the Near East

LK&S. pp. 239-255.

Flannery, K. "Archaeological Systems Theory and Early Mesoamerica." In Anthropological Archaeology in the Americas. Edited by B. J. Meggers. Washington, DC: Anthropological Society of Washington, 1968.

Zeder, M. "Central Questions in the Domestication of Plants and Animals." Evolutionary Anthropology 15 (2006): 105-117. (see Required Readings Unit 2, #6).

Unit 3 Abstracts and Notes for papers #5-9.

Optional Readings

The complete papers #5-9 cited in Unit 3 Abstracts and Notes.

Lec18 The Emergence of the Olmec and Early Lowland Civilization - La Venta

LK&S. pp. 255-276.

Amazon logo Coe, M. "Gift of the River: Ecology of the San Lorenzo Olmec." In The Olmec and Their Neighbors. Edited by E. P. Benson. Washington DC: Dumbarton Oaks, 1981. ISBN: 9780884020981.

Unit 3 Abstracts and Notes for paper #10.

Optional Readings

The complete paper #10 cited in Unit 3 Abstracts and Notes.

Lec19 Olmec Accomplishments Hosler, D., S. L. Burkett, and M. J. Tarkanian. "Prehistoric Polymers: Rubber Processing in Ancient Mesoamerica." Science 284 (1999): 1988-1991.
Lec20 The Maya: The Rise of Tropical Rain Forest City-states

LK&S. pp. 276-287.

Amazon logo Rathje, W. "Praise the Gods and Pass the Metates." In Contemporary Archaeology: A Guide to Theory and Contributions. Edited by M. Leone. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1972. ISBN: 9780809305346.

Unit 3 Abstracts and Notes for paper #11.

Optional Readings

The complete paper #11 cited in Unit 3 Abstracts and Notes.

Lec21 Maya Achievements and the Decline of the Classic Maya

LK&S. pp. 288-303.

Haug, et al. "Climate and the Collapse of Maya Civilization." Science 299 (2003): 1731-1735.

Lec22 Prof. Dorothy Hosler: West Mexican Metallurgy and its Importance in Interregional Contact

LK&S. pp. 304-314.

Unit 3 Abstracts and Notes for paper #12.

Optional Readings

The complete paper #12 cited in Unit 3 Abstracts and Notes.

Lec23 Teotihuacan: The Rise and Fall of a Highland State: its Social Consequences LK&S. pp. 314-336.
Unit 4 - Decline and Collapse
Lec24 Decline of Early Civilizations - Social, Political, Economic - An Examination of Potential Causes in Mesopotamia and Mesoamerica

LK&S. pp. 167-169, 288-296, and 313-314.

Weiss, H., and R. S. Bradley. "Archaeology: What Drives Societal Collapse?" Science 291, no. 5504 (2001): 609-610.

Jacobsen, T., and R. McC. Adams. "Salt and Silt in Ancient Mesopotamian Agriculture." Science 128 (1958): 1251-1258.

Amazon logo Gibson, M. "Violation of Fallow and Engineered Disaster in Mesopotamian Civilization." In Irrigation's Impact on Society (Anthropological Papers No. 25). Edited by T. Downing and M. Gibson. Tuscon, AZ: University of Arizona Press, 1974. ISBN: 9780816504190.

Unit 4 Abstracts and Notes for paper #1.

Optional Readings

The complete paper #1 cited in Unit 4 Abstracts and Notes.

Lec25 Decline of Early Civilizations (cont.)

LK&S. pp. 167-169, 288-296, and 313-314.

Weiss, H., and R. S. Bradley. "Archaeology: What Drives Societal Collapse?" Science 291, no. 5504 (2001): 609-610.

Jacobsen, T., and R. McC. Adams. "Salt and Silt in Ancient Mesopotamian Agriculture." Science 128 (1958): 1251-1258.

Amazon logo Gibson, M. "Violation of Fallow and Engineered Disaster in Mesopotamian Civilization." In Irrigation's Impact on Society (Anthropological Papers No. 25). Edited by T. Downing and M. Gibson. Tuscon, AZ: University of Arizona Press, 1974. ISBN: 9780816504190.

Unit 4 Abstracts and Notes for paper #1.

Optional Readings

The complete paper #1 cited in Unit 4 Abstracts and Notes.


Optional "Extraneous" Background Readings

Waal, F. de, "Bonobo Sex and Society." Scientific American 272, no. 3 (March 1995): 82-88.

Wynn, T., and F. Coolidge. "The Expert Neandertal Mind." Journal of Human Evolution 46 (2004): 467-487.

Molleson, Theya. "The Eloquent Bones of Abu Hureyra." Scientific American 271, no. 4 (1994): 70-75.

Tiesler, Vera. "Head Shaping and Dental Decoration Among the Ancient Maya." Proceedings of the 64th meeting of the Society of American Archaeology, Chicago 1999.