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Essential Information About 3.091 Fall Term 2004


Amazon logo Spencer, J. N., G. M. Bodner, and L. H. Rickard. Chemistry: Structure and Dynamics. 2nd ed. 3 vols. New York: Wiley, February 22, 2002. ISBN: 9780471419211.


Three times a week for one hour each session.


Sections meet twice each week.

Students have been assigned to recitation sections by the Registrar. If a student feels that extenuating circumstances make it necessary to change to another recitation section, he/she must meet with the Recitations Administrator. Sections will be limited to 20 students.


Weekly. Distributed along with model solutions in recitation. One week later, in recitation, students will take a 10-minute quiz based on the subject matter of the homework. The scores on these weekly quizzes will count as the "homework" portion of the cumulative grade in the subject.


Test 1 (50 minutes)
Test 2 (50 minutes)
Test 3 (50 minutes)
Final Exam (3 hours)


Freshmen - Pass/No Record (Institute requirement for Pass: performance at C level or better.)
Upper Classmen - A, B, C, D, F

Final grade composition is as follows:

Homework 16.75%
Three Tests 16.75% for each
Final Exam 33%

Course Description

This subject teaches basic principles of chemistry and shows how they apply in describing the behavior of the solid state. The relationship between electronic structure, chemical bonding, and crystal structure is developed. Attention is given to characterization of atomic and molecular arrangements in crystalline and amorphous solids: metals, ceramics, semiconductors and polymers (including proteins). Each lecture ends with a five-minute segment presenting a "real world" application of the subject. Examples are drawn from industrial practice (including the environmental impact of chemical processes), from energy generation and storage, e.g., batteries and fuel cells, and from emerging technologies, e.g., biomaterials.

  1. General Principles of Chemistry
    • Introduction: Elements and Compounds, Chemical Formulas and Reactions

    • Evolution of Atomic Theory: Bohr Model of Hydrogen, Bohr-Sommerfeld Model and Multi-electron Atoms, Atomic Spectra, Heisenberg, de Broglie, Schrödinger

    • The Periodic Table: Aufbau Principle, Pauli Exclusion Principle, and Hund's Rules

    • Primary Bonding: Ionic, Covalent, Metallic, van der Waals

    • Secondary Bonding: Dipole-dipole, Dipole-induced Dipole, London Dispersion, Hydrogen

    • The Shapes of Molecules: Electron Domain Theory

    • Organic Compounds: Nomenclature, Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes, Aromatics, Functional Groups, Alcohols and Ethers

  2. Solid State Chemistry: Basic Concepts and Applications
    • Crystal Structure: 7 Crystal Systems, 14 Bravais Lattices, Cubic Crystals

    • Characterization of Structure: X-rays, Electrons, Neutrons

    • Band Theory, Semiconductors, and Devices

    • Imperfections in Solids: Point, Line, Surface

    • Amorphous Solids:
      • Inorganic Glasses (Oxides, Metallic)
      • Organic Glasses (Polymers)

    • Liquids and Solutions: Solubility Rules, Acids, Bases, pH, Buffers

    • Biochemistry: Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins, Lipids, Nucleic Acids, Protein Biosynthesis

    • Oxidation-Reduction Reactions

    • Reaction Kinetics: Rate Laws, Arrhenius Equation

    • Diffusion: Fick's First and Second Laws

    • Phase Stability: Unary and Binary Phase Diagrams