Amazon logo Help support MIT OpenCourseWare by shopping at! MIT OpenCourseWare offers direct links to to purchase the books cited in this course. Click on the Amazon logo to the left of any citation and purchase the book from, and MIT OpenCourseWare will receive up to 10% of all purchases you make. Your support will enable MIT to continue offering open access to MIT courses.

Amazon logo Spencer, J. N., G. M. Bodner, and L. H. Rickard. Chemistry: Structure and Dynamics. 2nd ed. 3 vols. New York: Wiley, February 22, 2002. ISBN: 9780471419211.

1 Vision Statement, Administrative Details


Taxonomy of Chemical Species

Origins of Modern Chemistry
Chapter 1
2 Classification Schemes for the Elements

Mendeleyev and the Periodic Table

Atomic Structure
Chapter 1, 2, Appendix A,

Elemental Bibliography (PDF)
3 Rutherford Model of the Atom, Bohr Model of Hydrogen Chapter 3.1, 3.5-3.8 LN 1, pp. 2-5 (PDF) (PDF)
4 Atomic Spectra of Hydrogen, Matter/Energy Interactions Involving Atomic Hydrogen Chapter 3.3, 3.4, 3.9, 3.10

Cecilia Payne (PDF)
LN 1, pp. 5-16 (PDF) (PDF)
5 The Shell Model (Bohr-Sommerfeld Model) and Multi-electron Atoms

Quantum Numbers: n, l, m, s
Chapter 3.2, 3.10-3.12, 3.15-3.18 LN 1 (PDF) (PDF)
6 De Broglie, Heisenberg, and Schrödinger

The Aufbau Principle, Pauli Exclusion Principle, and Hund's Rules

Photoelectron Spectroscopy

Average Valence Electron Energy
Chapter 3.24, 3.25, 5.1-5.7, 5.10 LN 2 (PDF) (PDF)
7 Octet Stability by Electron Transfer: Ionic Bonding

Properties of Ionic Compounds: Crystal Lattice Energy
Chapter 5.1-5.7, 5.10 LN 2, pp. 1-12 (PDF) (PDF)
8 Born-Haber Cycle

Octet Stability by Electron Sharing: Covalent Bonding

Lewis Structures

Chapter 4.1-4.7, 4.10-4.12, 4.17
9 Electronegativity, Partial Charge, Polar Bonds and Polar Molecules

Ionic Character of Covalent Bonds, Pauling's Calculation of Heteronuclear Bond Energies
Chapter 5.7, 5.10, 4A.1, 4A.3
10 LCAO MO, Energy Level Diagrams for H2, He2, Li2

Hybridization, Double Bonds and Triple Bonds, Paramagnetism and Diamagetism
Chapter 4A.1-4A.4, 14.4-14.6, 8.2, 8.9 LN 2, pp. 12-end (PDF) (PDF)
11 The Shapes of Molecules, Electron Domain Theory, Secondary Bonding Chapter 4.14, 4.15
12 Metallic Bonding, Band Theory of Solids (Heitler and London), Band Gaps in Metals, Semiconductors, and Insulators, Absorption Edge of a Semiconductor Chapter 5.9-5.11, 9.4

M.12 (modules)
LN 2, pp. 25-26(PDF)

LN 3 (PDF)
13 Intrinsic and Extrinsic Semiconductors, Doping, Compound Semiconductors, Molten Semiconductors M.12 (modules) LN 3 (PDF) (PDF)
14 Introduction to the Solid State, the 7 Crystal Systems, the 14 Bravais Lattices Chapter 9.6-9.12

M.1-M.4, M.8 (modules)

pp. 3-11 (supplement)
LN 4 (PDF) (PDF)
15 Properties of Cubic Crystals: Simple Cubic, Face-centered Cubic, Body-centered Cubic, Diamond Cubic

Crystal Coordinate Systems, Miller Indices
Chapter 9.6-9.12

M.1-M.6 (modules)

pp. 3-23; 150-155; 167-174 (supplement)
LN 4 (PDF) (PDF)
16 Characterization of Atomic Structure: The Generation of X-rays and Moseley's Law pp. 139-141; 144-149; 175-181 (supplement) LN 5, pp. 1-9 (PDF) (PDF)
17 X-ray Spectra, Bragg's Law

pp. 26-31; 186-191 (supplement)

LN 5 (PDF) (PDF)
18 X-ray Diffraction of Crystals: Diffractometry, Debye-Scherrer, Laue

Crystal Symmetry
pp. 26-31 (supplement) LN 5 (PDF) (PDF)
19 Defects in Crystals: Point Defects, Line Defects, Interfacial Defects, Voids M.11 (modules)

pp. 39-43, 47-53 (supplement)
LN 6 (PDF) (PDF)
20 Amorphous Solids, Glass Formation, Inorganic Glasses: Silicates Chapter 9.1, 9.2

M.15 (modules)

pp. 31-32 (supplement)
LN 7, pp. 1-3, 5-9 (PDF) (PDF)
21 Engineered Glasses: Network Formers, Network Modifiers, Intermediates

Properties of Silicate Glasses

Metallic Glass 
Chapter 9.1, 9.2

M.15 (modules)

pp. 31-32 (supplement)
LN 7, pp. 1-3, 5-9 (PDF) (PDF)
22 Chemical Kinetics: The Rate Equation, Order of Reaction, Rate Laws for Zeroth, First, and Second Order Reactions

Temperature Dependence of Rate of Reaction
Chapter 10.1-10.4, 14.1-14.8, 14.10, 14.11 LN 8 (PDF) (PDF)
23 Diffusion: Fick's First Law and Steady-state Diffusion, Dependence of the Diffusion Coefficient on Temperature and on Atomic Arrangement pp. 63-68; 85-95 (supplement) LN 9, pp. 1-6 (PDF) (PDF)
24 Fick's Second Law (FSL) and Transient-state Diffusion; Error Function Solutions to FSL pp. 68-78, 95-101 (supplement) LN 9, all (PDF) (PDF)
25 Solutions: Solute, Solvent, Solution, Solubility Rules, Solubility Product Chapter 8.10-8.13, 8.15

SOL.1-SOL.10 (modules)
26 Acids and Bases: Arrhenius, Brønsted-Lowry, and Lewis Definitions, Acid Strength and pH Chapter 11
27 Organic Chemistry: Basic Concepts, Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes, Aromatics, Functional Groups, Alcohols and Ethers, Aldehydes and Ketones, Esters, Amines O1.1-O1.7, O1.10-O1.11, O1.13, O1.14, O2.1, O2.3, O2.4 (modules)
28 Organic Glasses - Polymers: Synthesis by Addition Polymerization and by Condensation Polymerization P.1-P.3, P.7-P.9 (modules)
29 Structure-property Relationships in Polymers, Crystalline Polymers P.1-P.3, P.7-P.9 (modules)
30 Biochemistry: The Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins Reading: BIO.1-BIO.3, BIO.5
31 Protein Structure: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary; Denaturing of Proteins  BIO.6, BIO.9
32 Ipids: Self Assembly into Bilayers

Nucleic Acids, DNA, Encoding Information for Protein Synthesis

Electrochemistry of Batteries and Fuel Cells
BIO.6, BIO.9
33 Phase Diagrams - Basic Definitions: Phase, Component, Equilibrium; One-component Phase Diagrams

Two-component Phase Diagrams: Complete Solid Solubility
pp. 103-113 (16.1 - 16.3) (supplement) LN 10 Part A 1-3, Part B 1-9 (PDF) (PDF)
34 Two-component Phase Diagrams: Limited Solid Solubility

Lever Rule
pp. 113-119 (16.4) (supplement) LN 10 Part B 1-9 (PDF) (PDF)
35 Wrap-up: Closing Remarks about the Course

Student Course Evaluations

Additional Materials

Exercise for the Idle Mind for LN 10 (PDF)
Solution (PDF)

Property Bonding Realtionships (PDF)
English to SI Conversions (PDF)