Study Materials

The following timeline displays major periods in contemporary Spanish history and may be helpful for contextualizing the films and readings used in this course.

Major Periods in Contemporary Spanish History

1898-1936 Early Twentieth Century

  • 1898 - War of 1898
  • 1923 - Dictatorship
  • 1931 - The Spanish Republic

1936-1939 Civil War

  • The Republic: Republicans, Loyalists, the Left
  • The Franco Side: Rebels, Nationalists, the Right

1939-1975 Franco Regime

1939 Franco Victory: Periods in the Dictatorship

  • 1945 - International Isolation
  • 1953 - Military Pact with the U.S.
  • 1969 - Juan Carlos Designated as Future King
  • 1975 - Franco Dies

1975 Democratic Spain Emerges

  • 1975 - Juan Carlos' Coronation
  • 1976 - Adolfo Suárez is named President of the Government
  • 1977 - Legalization of Political Parties
    • Including the Communist Party, Strikes, Amnesty for Political Prisoners
    • Right wing attack on labor lawyers in Madrid: 5 killed and many more wounded; peaceful protest of the act involving millions across the country
  • 1978 - Provisional Constitution Adopted
  • 1979 - General and Municipal Elections Held
  • 1980 - First Autonomous Elections in the Basque Country and in Cataluña; Constitutional Court Begins to Function
  • 1981 - Military Coup Fails
    • Suárez Resigns, King asks Calvo Sotelo to take over law allowing for divorce is passed; Spain joins NATO
    • Constitution Passed
  • 1982 - Socialist Party Wins in General Elections; Felipe Gónzalez President
  • 1986 - Spain Joins the European Community
  • 1992 - Olympics, World's Fair, 500th Anniversary of "Discovery"